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(heb. כַּשְׁרוּת‎)
The term in Judaism, meaning the permissibility or suitability of anything from the point of view of Halacha. For example, kosher food is biblically pure. Kosher items for the temple, which are made according to the Scriptures and can be used to serve in the temple.

Today 23 Shvat 5730 AD Monday, (27 June 2022)
Pictograms Kosher


– (heb. טַלִּית - cloak), Jewish ritual clothing: a large quadrangular scarf made of woolen cloth with brushes (tsitsit) in the corners.
  • talith Gadol - a large talith that is worn during prayer (it resembles a wide scarf or towel)
  • talith katan - a small talith, which some particularly pious believers wear under clothing (it has a cutout for the head in the middle).
A distinctive feature of the big talite is the blue or black stripes on the edges; Their number and thickness are different, but always have a symbolic meaning.
  • A Jew receives a talith on the day of majority.
  • During prayer, he throws it on his shoulders, which symbolizes the divine protection given to the worshiper. When the kogen pronounces a priestly blessing, he covers his head with a talisman.
  • When carrying Torah scrolls to a new place, they are sometimes wrapped in talith.
  • In some communities, the bride and groom are tied with a talisman at the wedding.
Talith covers the face first and foremost

Talith, covers the face first of all

Talit The image of Talith was used to create the flag of the State of Israel. > It is very symbolic, the flag of Israel is a prayer veil.

Talit katan

Talit katan

This is how Talit katan is worn, instead of a T-shirt, you can see the brushes of a

- (heb. צִיצִית, pl. צִיצִיּוֹת, Tsitsiyot), A bundle of threads, fulfilling, according to Halacha, a certain ritual function. Tsitsit - the word Akkadian (cm. Akkad) of origin - originally designated part of the loom. In biblical Hebrew, tzitzit is a hand used to decorate cloth (I C. 6:18), sometimes this word denotes a bundle, including for example, a strand of hair, a forelock (Jeh. 8:3). Tsitsit on the Jew's clothing is of ritual significance. The commandment of wearing tzitzit is mentioned in Numbers (15:38-41). From the biblical text it follows that the tsitsit should be placed on the "four ends" of every dress. In ancient times, clothes were made from one piece of homespun material (cm. Clothing, the Biblical era), and at the edges of this garment were placed tzitsit. In each bundle of threads, a thread stained with tehel (cm. Dyeing) should be placed: "And it will be in your tzitzit, and looking at it, you will remember all the commandments of the Lord and fulfill them ..." (Numbers 15:39).

A number of Jews hold the opinion that today one should not have a blue thread, because the malyus with which they were painted no longer exists, and there is no possibility to fulfill the commandment exactly. Other believe that the commandment must be executed in any case and painted with modern dyes.

Tsitsit with a blue thread

Tsitsit with a blue thread

Ermolka, or bale
- (Hebrew: פָּיפָּה the bug, plural hood, Yiddish: יאַרמלקע yarmalka) - the traditional headdress of a pious Jew, symbolizing modesty, humility and reverence for the Most High. Represents a small round (knitted or sewed from the fabric) cap, covering the crown. Ermolku sometimes attached to hair with a hair clip.

Bale with a barrette Bale with a barrette


In many churches it is customary for women to cover their head, but according to the Jewish tradition the head of a man was covered. In the Christian tradition, the head is covered by women and it is enough to do it formally. This blanket is more like a pile. But a bale - not a veil. The main thing that Talit does is cover the face, if the praying person wants to retire with God.

And the children of Israel saw that the face of Moses shines, and Moses again put the veil on his face, while he did not enter into conversation with Him. (Exo.34:35 )


The Ephod
- (Hebrew: אֹוֹד - the letter vest) Part of the vestment of the high priest, worn during worship. The Ephod was made of two cloths of expensive cloth, woven of gold threads, fine linen (fine twisted linen) and wool of blue, purple and scarlet flowers. He covered only the chest and back. The front and back panels were connected on the shoulders with two shoulder straps, each of which was attached to the gold onyx stone with the names of the tribes of Israel (Exo.28:6-14, 39:2-7). On the ephod, gold chains were attached to the breastplate, in which were the Urim and Thummim (Exo 28:30) - two stones, with which they sought the will of the Lord. Apparently, it is in this connection that the Ephod is mentioned in 1Sam.23:6-23; 30:7.
2) A simple linen Ephod (Efod bad), which belonged to the garb of other priests (1Sam.22:18). This Ephod was worn by a young Samuel (1Sam.2:18). In Ephod was clothed and David, when he transported the ark of the covenant in Jerusalem (2Kin.6:14).

The priest was an intermediary between God and people. Before God - he was a representative of the people, he represented the people. And before the people represented God.

  • A beautiful ephod was used to represent God before the people. As a symbol of His glory, greatness, royalty.
  • A simple efod was used to represent the people before God. Without ranks, regalia, ornaments, what he internally is.

Ephod of the High Priest


In the Torah there is a prohibiting precept to shave a python - the hair on the temples. Despite the fact that there is a principle according to which one should try to fulfill the commandment as best as possible, this applies only to the prescribing commandments of the Torah, and not to prohibitions. In principle, any length of hair at the temples is sufficient, if it is obvious that this place is not shaved. But in many communities, out of respect for this commandment, it was customary to leave strands of hair on the temples, the so-called paces.

Black clothes and hat

When the Jews returned home from Europe in the 18-19th centuries, they came in their European clothes. And since they are the chosen people, it means special and must be different, because this European clothing of those times in fact became the traditional clothing of orthodox Jews.

Women's hair

Women walk with their heads uncovered until they get married. After marriage, the hair is covered, and the most religious shave their head.
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