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Calendar christmas and new year

It's time to find out how the New Year has overtaken Christmas?
Emperor Julius Caesar and Pope Gregory, who is right?
Christmas was never on January 7, but on December 25.
Simply in Russia New year copes on the new calendar,
And Christmas for the old.

The Gregorian calendar was introduced by Pope Gregory XIII on October 4, 1582, in place of the old Julian: the next day after Thursday, October 4 was Friday, October 15 (days from October 5 to October 14, 1582 there is no Gregorian calendar).

The reason is that Easter began to go away in the summer and it became possible to more accurately calculate the solar year.
It turned out 365 days 5 hours 48 minutes 46 seconds, which is 11 minutes 14 seconds more than previously thought. Of these 11 minutes and 14 seconds in about 128 year add up one day.
Because almost every year a leap year is canceled. As it was in 1700, 1800 and 1900.

Unfortunately, because of the great schism in the Orthodox and Catholic churches, Orthodoxy could not accept the innovation of the pope.

In fact, this is a political question.
The Roman Empire was divided into Western and Eastern. But the West tried to influence the east through the Pope.
And then the power of religion was great. Therefore, the east was forced to secede and there was a great schism for political reasons.
So the Orthodox Church appeared.

It is understood that the West did not recognize it and to this day the Catholic Church considers itself to be the main one, the Catholic one is translated as universal. This and is a stumbling block to the adoption of innovations by the Orthodox Church.
The main argument: "how did Pope Gregory take upon himself the right to throw out of the calendar a few days?"

Chronology of the introduction of the Gregorian calendar

1582 Italy, Spain, Portugal, Poland, France, Luxembourg, Holland, Belgium
1583 Bayern
1584 Austria, Switzerland
1587 Hungary
1610 Prussia
1700 Germany, Norway, Denmark, Iceland
1752 United Kingdom
1753 Sweden, Finland
1873 Japan
1911 China
1912 Albania
1916 Bulgaria
1917 Turkey
1918 USSR, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine
1919 Serbia, Romania
1924 Greece
1925 Turkey
1928 Egypt
1949 China

The Republic of China formally adopted the Gregorian calendar when it was proclaimed on January 1, 1912, but mainland China entered the period of military dictatorship with the power of various field commanders who used different calendars.
With the unification of China under the rule of the Kuomintang in October 1928, the National Government decided that from 1 January 1929 the Gregorian calendar will be used.
Nevertheless, China retained the Chinese tradition of numbering the months, and the beginning of the calendar was the first year of the proclamation of the Republic of China - 1912 year.
This system is still used in Taiwan, which considers itself to be the successor of the Republic of China.
After the proclamation of the People's Republic of China in 1949, mainland China continued to use the Gregorian calendar, but the numbering and chronology introduced by the former government was abolished, and correspondence was established with the chronology from the Nativity of Christ adopted in the USSR and in the West.

rthodoxy and the Gregorian Calendar

In the Orthodox Church, there are sharp discussions about the transition to the Gregorian calendar.
Some Orthodox churches have already moved to a new calendar style.
The most persistent resistance to the Gregorian calendar is provided by the Russian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate.
At a meeting of the Holy Synod of the Moscow Patriarchate in December 1998, the following resolution was approved: "To testify that in our church environment the Julian calendar (the old style) is identified with a part of the national spiritual tradition whose devotion has become the norm of the religious life of millions of people."
In this regard, make statements that the issue of changing the calendar in our church is not worth it. "

Prof. Duluman E.K. Doctor of Philosophy, Candidate of Theology.

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Chronology States that Christmas - a day off Time Zones Time zones June Christmas

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