New Testament Canon

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New Testament Canon

Canon
(greek κανώνlit. the straight pole is any measure that determines the direct direction: spirit level, ruler, square)
A set of requirements for books to be included in the Bible. The books themselves are called canonical.

To date, the Bible is completed, the canon is finally adopted, books can not be added.

YEAR LISTS CANON APOCRIPHS
170 AD Muratorian Canon ?4G Acts Paul 1Jh 2Jh Jud Rev Wis2 ApoPt2
III c. Canon of Origen 4G Acts Paul ?Heb 1Pt ?2Pt 1Jh ?2Jh ?3Jh Jud Rev
324 AD Canon of Eusebius 4G Acts Paul Heb ?Jms 1Pt ?2Pt 1Jh ?2Jh ?3Jh ?Jud ?Rev
363 AD Council of Laodicea 4G Acts Paul Heb Jms 1Pt 2Pt 1Jh 2Jh 3Jh Jud
367 AD Athanasius 4G Acts Paul Heb Jms 1Pt 2Пе 1Jh 2Jh 3Jh Jud Rev
IV c. Cyril of Jerusalem 4G Acts Paul Heb Jms 1Pt 2Пе 1Jh 2Jh 3Jh Jud
IV c. Gregory the Theologian 4G Acts Paul Heb Jms 1Pt 2Пе 1Jh 2Jh 3Jh Jud
393, 397 AD Councils of Hippo and Carthage 4G Acts Paul Heb Jms 1Pt 2Пе 1Jh 2Jh 3Jh Jud Rev
IV c. Codex Sinai 4G Acts Paul Heb Jms 1Pt 2Пе 1Jh 2Jh 3Jh Jud Rev Herm4 Bar5
V c. Code of Alexandria 4G Acts Paul Heb Jms 1Pt 2Пе 1Jh 2Jh 3Jh Jud Rev Clem1
V c. Jerome 4G Acts Paul Heb Jms 1Pt 2Пе 1Jh 2Jh 3Jh Jud Rev
V c. Augustine 4G Acts Paul Heb Jms 1Pt 2Пе 1Jh 2Jh 3Jh Jud Rev
VI c. Clermont Codex 4G Acts ?Paul Jms 1Pt 2Пе 1Jh 2Jh 3Jh Jud Rev ApoPt2 Herm4 Bar5 ActPaul3
If the line is in bold, the canon corresponds to the modern one.
The canon of Eusebius also corresponds to the modern canon, only a number of books were not yet agreed upon.


The Gospels went in one scroll, like the 4 Gospels.
Paul's epistles went in one scroll - Paul. Probably because the epistles were named by authorship (John, Peter, Paul ...), but now Paul's epistles are named by address (where or to whom).
Thus, the canon then contained 12 books, but the same content as our 27 books.


1 The Epistle of Clement of Rome to the Corinthians (Κλήμεντος πρὸς Κορινθίους)
59 chapters - 96-97 AD -
The text of the epistle captures the weighty proof of the authority of a Roman bishop in relation to another church community.

1 The 2nd Epistle of Clement of Rome to the Corinthians (Κλήμεντος πρὸς Κορινθίους)
The 12 chapters are 95-140 AD. - Only the 1st Epistle of Clement is recognized as authentic.
It is essentially a recorded sermon.

2 The Apocalypse of Peter (Revelation of Peter)
Chapter 1 - Second Century -
An account of the revelations Peter received from the Savior in Jerusalem, shortly before the Passion.

3 Acts of Paul (Acta Pauli)
100-160 AD -
A tale that arbitrarily uses the canonical Acts, prayers, and letters of supposedly Paul.

4 The Hermae Pastor (Hermae Pastor)
20 chapters - 2nd century - written by Hermae, brother of the tenth bishop and pope of Rome, St. Pius I.
Its mystical visions are interspersed with allegories containing instructions in faith and righteousness.

5 The Epistle of Barnabas (Βαρνάβα Ἐπιστολή)
Chapter 21 is an anonymous epistle, not included in the canon of the New Testament, in ancient Greek, written between 70 and 132 AD.
The reason for writing is the problem of the relationship between Christianity and Judaism.

6 The Book of the Wisdom of Solomon (Σοφια Σαλωμωνος)
19 chapters is among the teachings of the non-canonical books of the Old Testament.
Its purpose is to strengthen the Jewish faith against the temptations of idolatry.