|Domain||This is the area of the hierarchical namespace of the Internet that is served by a set of domain name servers (DNS) And is administered centrally. Domain is identified by a domain name.|
|Domain name||(domain name)
Simply the domain, the address of the site.
For example, www.ph4.org
|Domain of the top level or Domain of the first level or Domain zone||(Top-level domain - TLD)
For example, in logo. ph4.ru, ph4 - Domain of the second level.
|Subdomain or Domain Level 3||For example, in logo .ph4.org, logo - Domain of the third level.|
|National Domains||(country code Top Level Domains - ccTLD)
Two-letter top-level domains by country codes in accordance with the international standard - indicate a country or geographical region. National domains (total of 243) are managed by domain administrators - organizations, Selected by the Internet communities of countries.
For example, .RU - Russia, .UA - Ukraine, .IT - Italy.
|International Domains||(Generic Top Level Domain - gTLD)
General or international top-level domains are managed by ICANN. They are also called extraterritorial (com, org, net ...), which are not tied to a particular country.
|Multilingual Domains||A domain name containing alphabetic characters.
For example, President.ru
|Common Domains||These domains were not present in the DNS address space, but they are common for mail forwarding From the Internet in a network with a different way of addressing. To process messages sent to addresses in this domain, the mail software on the particular machine through which the mail is sent must be configured accordingly. For example. .uucp, .bitnet, .fidonet|
|Reserved Domains||According to RFC 2606, the following four top-level domains are reserved for different purposes, so that they are never used as real domain names in the global DNS: .example, .invalid, .localhost, .test.|
|Domain parking||In order for domain names to be purchased, they must be stored on the server. Therefore, most companies providing registration services store the recently purchased name on their server until a hosting plan is purchased or the owner indicates another site in DNS. This is known as parking.|
|Domain transfer||The process where name servers all over the Internet add new domains and remove old ones from their records. This can take a long time, so connecting a new domain name can often take anywhere from three to four days.|
|Registration of domains||entering information about the domain and its administrator in the central database in order to ensure uniqueness of domain usage, as well as obtaining rights to administrate the domain administrator. Registration of a domain is valid for one year, counting from the moment of domain registration.|
|ACE||ASCII compatible encoding method. Experimental registration supports the RACE algorithm proposed by the IETF IDN.
Identifies the domain name obtained as a result of the ACE conversion of a string with national symbols.
|DNS||Domain Name System. A system whose main purpose is to convert domain device names to IP addresses, or vice versa: IP addresses to domain names.
This is necessary because only computers use IP-addresses yet we use only in human-friendly names.
Example. Our IP is 188.8.131.52, and the domain is https://www.ph4.org
|gTLD||(Generic Top Level Domain)
cm. International domains
|ccTLD||(Country Code Top Level Domain)
Cm. National Domains
|sTLD||(Sponsored Top Level Domain)
Sponsored top-level domains - .aero, .coop, .jobs, .xxx, .travel, .mobi, .mail, .asia, .cat, .post, .tel, .tel. This is a company for a certain contribution to initiate the opening of a new domain zone. The proposed zones are accepted for consideration, but there will not necessarily be a positive solution.
|idnWG||(Internationalized Domain Name Working Group of the IETF)
The IETF working group dealing with domain name issues with national symbols.
|IP||A digital address corresponding to a domain name that contains information about the actual location of a website on the Web.|
|IETF||(Internet Engineering Task Force)
An open international community of designers, scientists, network operators and providers, created by IAB in 1986, which deals with the development of protocols and architecture of the Internet.
|IDN||(Internationalized Domain Name)
A domain name containing one or more characters that are not part of the ASCII characters set that are valid for use in DNS. Cods characters that are valid for use in the IDN are defined by the RACE specifications.
|Localized Environment||A testbed system that is not part of the .com, .net, and .org zones.|
|mltbd||Three zones (mltbd.com, mltbd.org and Mltbd.net) that are part of the test system owned by Verisign GRS and hosted on Verisign servers.|
|Name Prep||Conventions used when converting domain names with national characters according to IETF suggestions.|
|RACE||Row-based ASCII Compatible Encoding. The proposed IETF algorithm for converting domain names with national symbols into an ASCII compatible format. The input parameter for the RACE algorithm is a string containing the national characters represented in the UTF-16 encoding, and the conversion result is a string of characters in ASCII encoding that conforms to the requirements of the DNS standard.|
|SSL||Secure Sockets Layer - Protected Sockets Protocol.
A protocol created by Netscape in order to process and protect sensitive/sensitive information that is necessary for electronic commerce operations (for example, credit card numbers). Usually the SSL address starts with 'https'.
|Testbed Name Server||Indicates the DNS server used for the test system.|
|Whois||The whois service provides information about the domain name. For different domain zones, a different set of information is issued. In general, this is information about the person or organization for which the domain is registered, the date of domain registration, and the expiration date of registration. On the Web, you can find a lot of sites on which by entering a domain name into the form and clicking the OK button, for 5 seconds you can get information about the domain.
|Private registration||A function that secures your data by replacing your current contact information To the alternative for Whois queries.|
|VeriSign GRS||(VeriSign Global Registry Services)
Is the administrator of the domain name registry responsible for .com, .net, .org domain zones.
|Domain Registry||Central database containing information about domain names registered in this domain, administrators of these domains and other information required for domain registration and delegation|
|Reselling||from English re-sell, literally re-sell.
Reselling - this is an opportunity to resell someone else's services under its own brand on legal grounds.
But a reseller is more likely not an intermediary between the seller and the buyer, but the seller between the wholesaler and the consumer.
|Cybersquatting or CyberPracy||(cybersquatting or ciberpiracy)
Purchase of domain names that are consonant with the names of famous companies, or simply with "expensive" names for the purpose of their further resale or placement of advertising. People who practice such actions are called cybersquatters.
Registration of domain names that are close to writing with the addresses of popular sites in the calculation of the error of some users.
For example, "wwwlenta.ru" in the calculation of the user who wanted to get to "www.lenta.ru". If you are close to a very popular domain, a typospotter can collect on your site a certain percentage of "overshot" visitors and for the account of advertising display to earn money.