Today 23 Shvat 5730 AD Wednesday, (4 October 2023)
(heb. חַג, hag; מוֹעֵד, mo'ed - literally 'term'; יוֹם טוֹב, iom tov - literally 'good day')
Jewish holidays can be divided into two main categories: holidays established in the Pentateuch, and holidays added in later periods. We are interested in the first.
- Pesach (Easter) 14 nissan. 1st pilgrimage.
- Hag ha matzot (Feast of Unleavened Bread)
- Bearing of the First Sheaf
- Shavuot (Pentecost) 6 sivana, 7 weeks after Pesach. 2nd pilgrimage festival
- Rosh Hashanah (Trumpet Feast) 1 afanim
- Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) 10 afanim.
- Sukkot (Feast of Tabernacles) 15-22 afanim. 3rd pilgrimage festival
7 - the number of time
The first commandment of God given to his people is "make Me a feast."
God gave the people of Israel 7 holidays: a spring group of holidays, a holiday in the summer and an autumn group of holidays.
The Feast of Pentecost Shavuot (correctly translate weeks, and literally called Seven), that is seven sevens - 7X7=49 days from Pesach.
Autumn holidays are up from spring for 7 months and autumn from spring for 7 months. That is, the state new year in the fall, means the Easter month of the 7th. And vice versa - a religious year in spring, means autumn holidays in the 7th month from Pesach.
And this shall be an everlasting decree for you: in the seventh month, in the tenth [day] month, humble your souls and do not do any thing, neither the native, nor the stranger who has settled among you,
This month is yours for the beginning of the months, the first [yeah] [it will be] you between months year.
Saying that in Israel 2 New Year. There is nothing unusual there. In our countries, too, the beginning of the year:
- January 1 is a calendar new year,
- September 1 is an academic year.
Well, and do not forget about the Sabbath. God's commandment is to rest once a week. Judea rests on Saturday, Christians on Sunday, Muslims on Friday. The weekend can be on different days, but in all nations the week is 7 days.