Stages of development of Bible

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Stages of development of Bible

(heb. נִקּוּד‎ nikud - dots)
Adding additional characters to the text indicating vowels and other nuances of pronunciation.
(lat. сōdех - trunk, stump, that is, wooden tablets for writing)
The format of the first books, when the pages were not sewn together in the modern sense, but connected or woven.
(ger. Pergament, from gr. Πέργαμον, Pergamon)
Writing material made from untanned rawhide of animals (before the invention of paper).
(lat. maiusculus - slightly larger)
capital letters
(lat. minusculus - small)
italics (cursive)

Development of the Bible

  • 1st Bible - 10 Commandments, which God himself wrote and gave to Moses on the mountain.
  • 2nd Bible - Pentateuch Moses or Torah (law) Moses wrote in the wilderness
  • 3rd Bible - Old Testament (the original Hebrew name Tanah), compiled by the scribes, mostly by Ezra, in Babylon and canonized in the 2nd century AD
  • 4th Bible - Bible, completed at the end of the 1st century, when the New Testament was written.

History in a simple way

1st Bible - 10 Commandments

God himself wrote the 10 commandments on 2 tablets.
This is the first and only thing that God wrote to us.
Jesus did not write anything for decades on earth.
Perhaps God wanted to emphasize these 10 commandments.

After 40 days of fasting, Moses came down from Mount Sinai with two tablets on which God wrote the 10 commandments.
To this day, Jews celebrate Pentecost, the day when the Almighty gave the Jews the Torah (law).

2nd Bible - Torah

Part of the Torah was accurately written by Moses, as it is written in the Bible. He received from God many rules and commands for the people, for the construction of the Tabernacle and the order of the sacraments.

Obviously, this is not a single book in 5 volumes (scrolls), but a collection of various texts in 1 book. With a deep study, at least 2 authors become apparent, there are quite a few repetitions.
Most likely, the Torah was collected by the scribes during the Babylonian captivity.
It was then that Israel had nothing left that united them as a people - neither the promised land, nor the temple, only the Word of God. then synagogues appeared and the Scriptures became unifying for the people.

3rd Bible - Tanakh (Old Testament)

At the same time, during the Babylonian captivity, other books of the Old Testament were written or collected.

4th Bible - Tanakh+New Testament

At the end of the 1st century, all the books of the New Testament were written, which were canonized much later.

So finished the writing of the greatest of books, neither add nor take away:

18 For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book:
19 And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.

(Rev. 22:18,19)