Today we pick up a new book and look at the title, author's name, year of publication, possibly the 2nd revised edition, the publisher, if translated, then the name of the translator, the title in the original, we can see the author's photo, get some information about the author - full name, scientific degrees, if any, when and where was born ... This was not always the case, initially few people cared about the title of books and authorship.
So we have folk tales, folk songs. The same with the Bible. Even the first translations of the Bible into modern languages did not contain authorship information, only the titles of the books.
Newer translations or editions of translations have attributions. Let's say the epistle to the Hebrews is anonymous. And the author had the right to do it, he did it secretly and will receive praise from God openly.
Pentateuch of MosesParticularly zealous Jews claim that the entire Pentateuch was written by Moses on a mountain during a 40-day fast.
Just on the day of Pentecost, we celebrate the descent of the Holy Spirit, the 3rd epistasis of God, that is, the Trinity.
The Jews thank God for giving them the Torah.
But the fact is that God gave them the Torah (Law), that is, the tablets with 10 commandments, and not the Pentateuch. Moses certainly did not write the entire Pentateuch.
- The 10 commandments were written by God himself,
- Moses did not write the death of Moses.
When examining the text, it is obvious that at least 2 texts are connected here, in one God was presented as Elohim, and in the second - Yahweh.
Joshuaby Joshua (finished by Samuel) Same story here, Joshua could not describe his demise.
Judges, Ruthby Samuel
The Book of Samuel (1st and 2nd Samuel)by Gad and Nathan
The Book of Kings (1st Kings and 2nd Kings)by Jeremiah
Chronicles (1st Chronicles and 2nd Chronicles)by Ezra and Nehemiah Ezra - by Ezra Nehemiah - by Nehemiah Eszterias - attributed to Mordecai Job - author unknown (attributed to Moses or Job)
PsalmsMost of psalms by David;
Adam (92, 139) according to some commentaries;
Melchizedek, alias Shem the son of Noah (110);
Abraham, also called Epham Ezrahit (Eitan a-Ezrahi) (89);
Sons of Korey (42,44-49,84,85,87,88);
Solomon ((72, 127);
Ezra (It is not clear which psalms he wrote).
Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songsby Solomon Isaiah - by Hezekiah Jeremiah - by Jeremiah Lamentations of Jeremiah - by Jeremiah Ezekiel - by Ezekiel Daniel - by Daniel Hosea - by Hosea Joel - by Joel Amos - by Amos Obadiah - by Obadiah Jonah - by Jonah Micah - by Micah Naum - by Naum Habakkuk - by Habakkuk Zephaniah - by Zephaniah Haggai - by Haggai Zechariah - by Zechariah Malachi - by Malachi
Gospel of Matthewby apostle Matthew, one of Jesus' 12 chosen ones. He was the chief tax collector.
Unique in that Jesus called him and Matthew went after him without saying a word, a powerful act.
And he had a lot to lose - he made a fortune by losing his reputation.
Gospel was written for the Jews, so it begins with the genealogy.
Gospel of Markby Mark, who wrote Gospel from the words of Peter. Mark was a nephew of Barnabas, grew up in a wealthy family, and was well educated.
In their house the apostle Peter stayed and it was a meeting place.
Everything that took place took place before his eyes.
Gospel of Luke and the Acts of the Apostlesby Luke, Paul's companion on his missionary journeys. Luke was a physician and a lawyer. Therefore, he meticulously researched and described all the events.
Some believe that he was not Jewish and therefore the only author of the books of the Bible is not Jewish.
That's a pretty strong assumption, but still an assumption.
Gospel of John, Epistles of John, Revelationby the apostle John, one of the 12 chosen by Jesus. Revelation is very different in style from Gospels and the epistles of John.
But this is due to specifics of the prophetic book, many things he wrote down under dictation, so unusual was everything.
Paulby apostle Paul (Saul). Paul's epistles were originally included in the canon under the general name Paul. Galatians 49 - written in Antioch.
Epistles to Thessalonians 56 - written in Corinth
1st Corinthians 56 - written in Ephesus
2nd Corinthians 57 - written in Ephesus
Romans '57 - written in Ephesus
Colossians 62 - written in Rome
Ephesians 62 - written in Rome
Philemon '62 - written in Rome
Philippians 63 - written in Rome
1st Timothy 67 - written in Rome
Titus 67 - written in Rome
2nd Timothy 68 - written in Rome
2nd Timothy in 68 - written in Rome
Hebrewsauthor unknown, officially attributed to Paul. Very different in style and writing from Peter's epistles.
There has been much controversy over authorship (the contents obviously attributed to apostle).
Written in the style of the Alexandrian school.
Therefore, the author may have been Apollos.
Indirectly the letter indicates Barnabas' authorship.
They decided to attribute it officially to Paul, but it was never part of the Pauline group of epistles, but went separately.
Many modern Bible translations indicate "author unknown."
Jamesby James, Jesus' maternal half-brother.
James was the bishop of the church in Jerusalem.
The Epistles of Peterby apostle Peter (Simon), one of the 12 chosen by Jesus. 2 Peter was apparently written by Silouan (Paul's companion Silas) from Peter's words.
Or rather, Peter dictated in Aramaic and Silouan translated into Greek.
Peter was not a bookish man, not fluent in languages, and the epistle was written by a man well versed in Greek.